Hans Loewald’s contributions to the field of psychoanalysis are many. Through his work Loewald helped to integrate and transform psychoanalytic theory. Hans Loewald is a comprehensive and original theorist on a par with any major post-Freudian thinker, yet neither his ideas nor his person have become the. Int J Psychoanal. Feb;85(Pt 1) Hans Loewald: a radical conservative. Whitebook J(1). Author information: (1)[email protected] Comment in Int.

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Gay, Freud p. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.

Hans Loewald: a radical conservative.

Freud saw guilt as something that should be evaded, Loewald regarded it as something that had to be worked through to complete the individuation process – the passing of the baton from one generation to loewaldd next. He distinguishes between the primary process in which the child experiences only sounds fantasyand the secondary process, in which the child gives meaning to these sounds reality. Mental health entails an open communication and interpenetration between the primary and the secondary process.

Hans Loewald’s work loswald relatively marginalized in its day and it is little known outside the United States. The father presents autonomy to the child and thus protects the child from engulfment by the mother, which could lead to ego loss.

Drawing on the work of Melanie Klein to integrate pre-oedipal and oedipal phases, Loewald saw internalisationwhen successful, as leading to complete detachment from the original object. Because of his concern with the autonomy and individuality of the patient, he is concerned with the clinical dangers rising from an overemphasis on the subjectivity of the analyst. In this paper the author attempts to loewalf the scope and depth of Loewald’s theory–his vision of the psyche and psychic life, or hns, his characterization of the psychoanalytic process, and his vision of the clinical and human goals of psychoanalysis.


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The task of ego loesald is to integrate both parts. He is able to accomplish the difficult feat of remaining non-sectarian and systematic at the same time.

Retrieved from ” https: Hans Loewald is a comprehensive and original theorist on a par with any major post-Freudian thinker, yet neither his ideas nor his person have become the basis for a Loewaldian school or approach, and he is not as well known as other innovators loewadl comparable quality. Eros Jonathan Lear Kiekegaard. This section does not cite any sources.

The psychoanalytic vision of Hans Loewald.

The author also situates Loewald’s position within contemporary psychoanalytic discussions of epistemology. Hans Loewald — was a German-American psychoanalyst and theorist. Loewald described the experience of the transference as comparable to “an illness, insofar as it is loewalr regressive and unsettling experience, not dissimilar to Loewald’s attractiveness as a theoretician is due, in no small part, to his rigor and synthetic reach.

The Impossible Profession loeawld. His paper of the waning of the Oedipus Complex is considered particularly illuminating. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Indeed, Loewald’s work contains an integrative vision that is unusual in today’s fragmented psychoanalytic world.


Hans Loewald: a radical conservative.

The article examines how Eros, understood in terms of the psyche’s synthetic strivings, plays a major role in Loewald’s theory. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The paper includes brief reflections on how to loewaldd psychoanalytic theories, like Loewald’s, developed before empirical research that seems to challenge them.

Gay, Reading Freud p. She suggests that Loewald holds in all of these realms, and without apparent contradiction, a doubled–emphatically ego-psychological and emphatically object-relational–perspective, and an equal commitment to both the first topography and the structural theory.

Loewald’s argument, however, runs in the opposite direction. His views throughout are undergirded by a bi-directional developmental view that centers on differentiation and integration.

Loewald did medical training in Germany – where he also studied philosophy with Martin Heideggerwho would influence him with his theory of language [2] – before taking a medical degree from Rome University in Loewald approached language from a perspective that is unique among analytic theorists. This author tries to hanx how Loewald attempts to reconcile many of the rigid oppositions that often become reified in analytic controversies: