Caesalpinia sappan L. (Leguminosae) is found in India, Malaysia, southern China, and tropical Asia, and its heartwood Sappan lignum is used as a red dye. Family Name: Fabaceae (Leguminosae). Common Names: Sappan Wood, Brazilwood Tree, Sappan. Chinese Name: 苏木. by; G. Renu, Sanjana Julias Thilakar, D. Narasimhan, Centre for Floristic Research, Department of Botany, Madras Christian College, Tambaram. (0 ratings).

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Caesalpinia sappan caesalpinia sappan 01 jmpg. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. CIA mice were evaluated by two independent observers three-to-four times in a week, with regards to the extent of all the inflammation, erythema, edema of the periarticular tissues, and enlargement, distortion, or ankylosis of the joints. BBP wrote the paper caesallpinia analyzed the data. Diamond Jubilee Professorial Lecture.

Sibukao Caesalpinia sappan L. Does not include altitudinal distribution, which is covered under Habitat. The parameters recorded were: Significant reductions in the cytokine levels were evident upon treatment with either MTX or brazilin, compared to the control group.

Effects of brazilin from Caesalpinia sappan L. Renu, Sanjana Julias Thilakar, D. Footnotes Competing interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Caesalpinia sappan L.

Planta Medica 63 5: Sasidharan,Flora of Karnataka, Sharma B. However, natural dyes may caesalppinia some of their former importance because of environmental and toxicity problems connected with the production and use of synthetic dyes, and the gradual exhaustion of the fossil materials synthetic dyes are made from. In short, MTX must be administered only with care. User specific search options User. Technology Biodiversity in India.


Owing to its easy growth and dense growth habit, it is used for defining the boundaries of land and for protecting plantations against grazing animals. However, the side-effects include liver functional abnormalities, lung disorders, stomatitis, skin rashes, hematological diseases, and pancytopenia.

There are citation in web searches related to Caesalpinia sappan L. Intermittent rises in plasma homocysteine in patients with rheumatoid arthritis treated with higher dose methotrexate. Received Nov 15; Accepted Apr Both suppression salpan reduction of BMD loss near joints are measures of anti-arthritic efficacy [ 4748 ].

Caesalpinia sappan L. | Species | India Biodiversity Portal

Accumulations of DNA strand break and methotrexate cytotoxicity. Each paw was scored on a scale of 0—4 an arthritis indexwhere 0 indicated inflammation; 1 edema or erythema of one joint; 2 edema or erythema of two joints whether of one or two digits ; 3 edema or erythema of more than two joints whether of caesalpini, two, or three digits ; and 4 severe arthritis of the entire paw or all digits [ 21 ].

Citation in news articles. Suppression of bone surface erosion, and maintenance of trabecular thickness and the trabecular bone pattern, upon brazilin ll, reduced the extent of damage to both bone and joints.

In vitro anti-influenza viral activities of constituents sappah Caesalpinia sappan. Fraction with retention times of about 7.

The mordants used e. Dried heartwood of C. Rheumatoid arthritis RA is a systemic inflammatory disease of cawsalpinia synovium, cartilage, and bone. Host range of meliolaceous fungi in India Desc: It remained a major source of red dye up to the end of the 19 th century. YHK provided technical details and results validation.

Caesalpinia sappan L.

The fruits contain tannin and were used in the past to prepare a black sppan in combination with an iron mordant. Caesalpinia sappan Caesalpinia sappan Linn. The 13 C-NMR data: Wood is cut in small pieces which are then boiled. There are 18 news article citations related to Caesalpinia sappan L. CambodiaChina Cultivated.


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At the 42nd day, mice sera were collected, and the levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines and stress enzyme markers in serum were measured using standard immunoassay methods.

A near-homogenous peak with a retention time of 7. Conclusions We found that brazilin prepared from ethyl acetate extracts of C. Journal of the Formosa Medical Association 89 6: The study was conducted with the consent of the Ethics Committee for the use of experimental animals as authorized by the Animal Research Center of Soonchunhyang University Approval number: Silk, wool, cotton, matting and basket fibres can be dyed red with it and it is also used occasionally to colour food.

Between groups comparisons were performed using the post-hoc Tukey test. Brazilin purified from C. The mordants used are mainly aluminum which gives a red color and iron which gives a brown color.

It is still used for dyeing textiles, but only on a smaller scale by craftsmen and artists. MDH designed the experiments, analyzed the data, provided technical details, and wrote the paper.

To compensate for the adverse effects of MTX and other drugs, and to devise cost-efficient RA treatment strategies, attention has recently been diverted to the study caesalpnia useful natural compounds derived from herbal plants [ 10 ].