Because it is able to flourish in a broad range of environmental conditions and along a large elevational gradient within its home range, it appears to have the. Plume poppy (Bocconia frutescens). Hawaii Pacific Weed Risk Assessment: None. Regulatory Status: Hawaii Noxious Weed List (HAR 68). Prevention and. Tree Poppy, BOCCONIA FRUTESCENS. One plant you can’t miss while driving through the mountains is the shrub shown above. It’s maybe 15 feet high, with.

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Uses Top of page Economic Value B. Articles with ‘species’ microformats. In the Hawaiian Islands, it invades dry forest on the island of Maui and mesic forest on the island of Hawaii, and is also commonly found in disturbed sites and along roadsides Wagner et al.

Successional age and forest structure in a Costa Rican upper montane Quercus forest. It is a weed of roadsides, vacant lots, and residential areas. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. The most significant infestations of Bocconia on Maui now occur from m in the dry forests of Auwahi and Kanaio, and during the survey of the now Kanaio Natural Area Reserve, Bocconia was found to comprise the sixth highest percentage cover of alien species along five monitoring transects Medeiros et al.

Bocconia frutescens distribution on the island of Hawaii. Tanner observed honeybees visiting the male flowers in the tropical montane rain forests of Jamaica. It is naturalized in dry and mesic forests on the islands of Frutexcens and Hawaii, where it is capable of forming dense stands that exclude the establishment of native species.

Retrieved from ” https: Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 35 1: John Crow frutescesn Mexico: Effective control is difficult because of the plant’s ability to sprout back up after being cleared off the land. Taxonomic Tree Top of page Domain: Nevertheless, Medeiros et al.


References Top of page Adams CD, In addition, the timing of the peak fruiting period provides a conspicuous food resource for birds in the area, especially during the beginning of the hot and dry summer months when other food resources become increasingly scarce Chimera, ; Chimera and Drake, ffrutescens This phenomenon is contributing to the expansion of B.

Conservation International, pp.

Bocconia frutescens

There are a number of human uses for this species, such as its use for ornamental purposes. Roehrs Company, pp.

Martinez mentions that injections of an extract of the tree can produce a local anesthetic effect but with an irritant side effect. Online Natural Sciences Collections.

The leaves’ waxy surfaces protect it from herbicides, the plant sprouts easily from tiny parts not completely removed from the soil, birds disperse the fruits, and each plant produces very many seeds.

Description and biology of two new species of neotropical Liriomyza Mik Diptera, Agromyzidaemining leaves of Bocconia Papaveraceae.

US Fish and Wildlife Service, 19 pp. National Plant Data Center. Flora de Nicaragua Monographs.

The specific epithet means “becoming shrubby” from the Latin word ‘frutex’ for “shrub. It also has a variety of medicinal uses. Pathway Causes Top of page Cause Notes Long Distance Local References Digestion and excretion Non-native birds frequently consume and disperse seeds within the invaded range Yes Chimera and Drake, ; Johnson and Nishida, Flooding and other natural disasters Frequently encountered in gulches below infestation site – seeds washed down during heavy rains Yes Benitez and Saulibio, Horticulture Cultivated as an ornamental Yes Riffle, Internet sales Promoted as an ornamental Yes Yes DavesGarden, Medicinal use Used and cultivated within native range for a variety of medicinal purposes Yes Duke, Ornamental purposes Cultivated as an ornamental Yes Yes DavesGarden, ; Riffle, Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit, 19 pp.


The plant is thick and bushy, producing multiple stems at times and spreading densely to produce “carpets” that shade out smaller plants.

Bocconia frutescens (plume poppy)

Liogier and Martorell, ; Missouri Botanical Garden, In Costa Rica, Williams-Linera and Ewel reported that the mycorrhizal status of Bocconia is unknown, but that no mycorrhizal fungi have been observed on fruhescens root preparations they examined. Once introduced to a region, dispersal of the seeds by frugivorous birds Wheelwright et al.

Although Grey-Wilson suggests that the tropical distribution of the genus make Bocconia species unsuitable for temperate gardens, Riffle states that Bocconia is unexcelled for creating the tropical effect in sunny, well-drained sites. Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. However, then you notice that in a very un-oaklike manner the stems end in large panicles of small fruits.

The purple-green flower lacks petals but has sepals each up to a centimetre long. The seed is approximately mm long and is covered by a bright red to scarlet aril, which covers about mm of its length.

Plants Profile for Bocconia frutescens (parrotweed)

Title Seedling carpet Caption Bocconia frutescens parrot-weed, plume poppy, tree celandine ; seedling carpet in the understory of the Kanaio Natural Area Reserve. Datasheet Bocconia frutescens plume poppy. Princeton University Press, pp. Identified as an early detection species, it is especially targeted for eradication and control on those Hawaiian Islands where it is yet to become established HISC,