Alternative Titles: “Kokin wakashū”, “Kokin-shū”. Written By: The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. Kokinshū, (Japanese: “Collection from Ancient and Modern. Kokin Wakashu is an anthology of 1, Japanese poems (in the most widely circulated editions) compiled and edited early in the 10th century. The Kokin wakashu of is the first imperially commissioned anthology of waka , Japanese court poetry, compiled by chief editor Ki no Tsurayuki and other.
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The principal poets of the collection those with more that 5 poems included are: In a prose introduction, Tsurayuki discussed the general nature of poetry and the styles of the poets represented.
Teika’s editions are in large part based on one received from and edited by his father Shunzei, which in turn is a collation of an edition, the Shin’in Gohon Hanazono Safu-honused by Emperor Sutoku for formal readings, with that received by Shunzei from his teacher, Mototoshi. Calligraphy and painting In Japanese literature: Prosodically, the waka is defined quantitatively there being no basis for identification of “feet,” no strict distinction between accented and unaccented syllables in Japanese prosodics as consisting of 31 syllables grouped according to a pattern of 5 ku or measures of, respectively, 5, 7, 5, 7, and 7 syllables, each of which was also required to be grammatically independent in the sense that phrasal breaks in syntax regularly coincide with the divisions between successive measures.
Kokin wakashū – Wikipedia, wolna encyklopedia
The poems are divided into twenty scrolls or books maki each of which bears a title referring to conventional poetic topics the seasons, love, parting, mourning, miscellaneous or “mixed” topics, etc. Please try again later. Ownership has since changed but it is still widely kkin to as the Date Family text.
The many forms of such arrangements include temporal progression through the seasons and through the stages of a courtly love affair, sub-sequences of topical images with subtle variations in treatment, alternation of anonymous older poems with those by contemporary new or modern authors and of rhythmic forms poems with a caesura after the second vs. The elaborate linking format developed by the editors was also picked up and carried forward with the development of the renga or “linked verse” form, in which poets wrote a series of verses together in turns by continuing the image of the previous verse and introducing something new for the next poet to work with.
A History of Japanese Literature, Vol. Stanford University Press, This kind of detailed manipulation resulted in an anthology that did not necessarily contain all of the best works of the day.
New Collection of Ancient and Modern Poems (Shin kokin wakashū 新古今和歌集), Emperor Gokogon | Mia
There was a problem with your submission. Thank You for Your Contribution! If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login. Spring 1 KKS I: The Japanese Preface, opening with the famous words “Japanese poetry takes as its seed the human heart,” was long regarded as a model of classical prose, and line for line is undoubtedly the most heavily commented secular prose text of the Japanese tradition.
KanaJapanese kana Japanese kana.
Syntactically, a majority of the poems in Kokinshu can be parsed as a single compound sentence or as two simple sentences; in the latter case, these are often in a relation of question and answer, enigma or dilemma and often inadequate solution, or a generalization followed by a restrictive condition.
It was the first serious work of poetic criticism on the waka style, and is regarded as the predecessor of later karon works.
The name can be literally translated as “New Collection of Ancient and Modern Poems”  and bears an intentional resemblance to that of the first anthology.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles: There are relatively minor variations among these, and considerably larger variations between the Teika editions and many of the extant mostly fragmentary preth century editions, but the prestige of Teika and his heirs assured that it was his editions and copies thereof which defined Kokkin for all practical purposes from around the midth century down to the present day.
It was the first major literary work written in the kana writing system. Introduction What Is Kokin Wakashu?
The kana preface to opens with a detailed and poetic explication of what the core concept of waka poetry is. Articles containing Japanese-language text CS1 errors: Views Read Edit View history. One online edition,  which wakashk the Date Family text based on a manuscript prepared by Fujiwara no Teikacontains 1, poems.
Charles Dickens, English novelist, generally considered the greatest of the Victorian era. The format for the poetry was the….
Princeton University Press, ; and Kokin Wakashu: In addition, his editions typically appear to have included numerous interlinear notations giving textual variants, proposed emendations, identifications of certain poets by alternative names or titles, etc. Archived from the original on October 23, A new development, however, is that all the poems in a particular book are on a set poetic topic, as follows: The early textual history of Kokinshu is obscure and complicated by a number of variant texts which apparently reflect different stages of the editorial process.
This page was last edited on 25 Novemberat Although Kokinshu was complete enough in its mapping of the world of courtly poetic topoi that supplemented, to be sure, by the two subsequent imperially-commissioned anthologies, Gosenshu and Shuishu it was regarded for centuries as an indispensable guide for aspiring poets, it was evidently not meant to be a shukashuthat is, a treasury of all and only the best poetry of its age, and has rarely been taken as such.
Its poets considered originality less desirable than perfection of language and tone. It is up to the reader to decide, of course, but while individual poems do show a fairly wide range of tonal variation, few, especially those of the seasonal and love books which combined make up more than two thirds of the collection are completely free of irony, and only a rather small minority of Kokinshu poems can be counted as unqualifiedly celebratory or “pastoral” in an affirmative sense.
Fortunately, all of Teika’s editions are based upon a textual line which derives, with slight variations, from the fifth and final state of the “public” draft of Kokinshu prior to its official submission kokln imperial review and endorsement. It is the kokiin manuscript to contain both the Wakkashu and Japanese prefaces.