In his Bunker Archeology (), Paul Virilio establishes an inventory of bunker typologies and tries to determine what the essence of those militaries. BUNKER ARCHEOLOGY atmosphere approaching the great reflector was totally new; the transpar- ency I was so sensitive to was greater as the ocean got. Out of print for almost a decade, we are thrilled to bring back one of our most requested hard-to-find titlesphilosopher and cultural theorist Paul Virilio’s Bunker .
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The Wild World by Rosecrans Baldwin.
Special duties of the branches of the armed forces in the field of coastal defense: Absence articulated in doing words. What seems most significant in the defensive movement is the pro- gressive disappearance of surface equipment, the fantastic development pi alert systems, the electronic arsenal of what were already called “invisible arms. All those responsible will ensure that time and manpower are not wasted adcheology dealing with questions of jurisdiction, but that they are employed in increasing our powers of defense and attack.
This directive confirms the preceding plans, restating one last time the strategic priority of the Straight of Dover. Hitler names Field Marshal Rommel inspector of fortifications ro supervise the completion of work on rhe Atlantic Wall.
Full text of “Paul Virilio Bunker Archaeology”
Finally, while crossing the avenue parallel to the shore, the earth line seemed to have plunged into the undertow, leaving everything smooth, no waves and little noise. Since the arming of the jet, and especially since the arrival of artillery on rlu scene, warfare has not only created a landscape by defensive CO’H- PUCtiortS, by the organization ol fronts and frontiers, but it has also I ittecl successfully with natural forces; firearms, explosives, smoke ns, and gasses have contributed to the creation of an artificial climate, reserved to the battleground or, more precisely, to the moment ol combat.
The construction of strategic and tactical infrastructures throughout the ages is in fact nothing but an “archaeology of the brural encounter”; from ‘he point of impact at collision to the highway pile-up, the infrastructure sei up the duel the exchange of unfelicitous procedures before the “duel” of commerce. The military insritution is a cyclothymic animal hibernaring during peacetime and awake for war.
# (UN)WALL /// Bunker Archeology by Paul Virilio
Several rear apertures carry cartouche inscriptions, supplying the support station number or the serial number of the work; others carry the name of the bunker, a feminine first name, Barbara, Karola…sometimes a humorous phrase. The bunker is the protohistory of an age in which the power of a single weapon is so great that no distance tan pro- tect you from it any longer. The danger in the east remains, but a greater danger now appears in the west: Trees, pines, etched-out dark spots; the square in front of the station was at once white and void—that particular emptiness you feel in recently abandoned places.
Thanks to its thrust, the stratospheric rocket could practice reaching the speed of liberation, which would free war of all constraint, plunging human societies into obligatory deterrence, into a balance of shared terror that would soon lead Europe and the rest of the world into the throes ot collective anguish, relative no longer to such and such a population, this endangered region or that, but humanity’s very future.
If man has no need for rhe machine to live in his natural environment, lie needs the machine to survive in a hostile one. The coastline of Europe will, in the coming months, be ex- posed to the danger of an enemy landing in force. Elliott rated it it was amazing Dec 30, QGY chief, armed forces signals. February 18 Goebbels discourse at the Sports Palace in Berlin. In the end these bunkers obtained the role of the presrige monuments, witnessing not so much the power of the Third Reich as its obsession with disappearance.
The poetry ol the bunker is in its still being a shield for its users, in the end as outdated as an infant’s rebuilt armor, an empty shell, an emotionally moving phantom of an old-fashioned duel in which the adversaries could still look each other in the eye through the narrow slits of their helmets. So I turned around for an instant to look at what my field of vision onto the sea had not offered up: The Blitzkrieg is unable to completely destroy the Brirish army, which is able to embark at Dunkirk without being pursued and which remains a fearsome force.
But, apart from the arson ravaging huge forest expanses and the conquered cities, the comparison with atmospheric forces freak until the development of the cannon, which allowed for a begin- i the saturation of space by canister shot, the firing plans of batteries MB founter-batteries.
The blockhouses were anthropomorphic; their figures recalled those of bodies.
Hitler entrusts to Fritz Toclt, chief of gunker in the occupied territories, a projecr for installing naval artillery from his arsenal in casemates in a plan for four years: On the one hand, the constant sophistication of arms tends to eliminate any possibility that sleeping beauty sleeps -she has too many bad dreams and sleeps with an eye cocked for clanger.
At the beginning of the battle the whole offensive strength of the enemy is bound to be thrown against our forces holding the coastline. The necessities of territorial dispersion increased the importance of communications but also highlighted their vulnerability. If the French have underestimated the power and the mobility of tanks in constructing the Maginot line, the Germans in turn, from the outbreak of hostilities, were disillusioned about rhe possibilities of coastal fortifications belore naval power, or rather aeronautical power.
Commanders-in-chief of the branches of the armed forces, the Reichsfuhrer SS, the chief of the army general staff, commander- in-chief west, the chief of army equipment and pajl general of replacement army, the inspector general of armed forces, and the commander of German troops in Denmark will report to me by 15 November the steps taken, and those that they propose to take.
Speed viriliio always been the advantage and the privilege of rhe hunter and i lie warrior. This campaign, which Hitlerian Germany wanted ro complete in six weeks, necessitated opening up the grain silos of the Ukraine, the oil wells in Caucasus essential to a war of movementthe Middle East, Asia.
Archeologyy images hum with abandonment and the mediative lens of decay. It is however possible that the enemy, by skillful camouflage and by taking advantage of unpredictable weather conditions, may achieve a completely surprise attack. The discovery of the sea is a precious experience that bears thought.
Review – Bunker Archaeology by Paul Virilio
July l l War Directive 3 J, devoted mainly to the eastern arcehology, nevertheless plans lor the first time a defense organization of the western coasts, in particular those of Norway and the Channel Islands. Nowhere else is there evidence Df a more violent Promethean will; here is the place, I believe, to look for origin of industrial civilization, the war machine as the archetype of the kisirial machine.
Stephanie Bundy, differences As I approached Ocean Boulevard, the water level began to rise between the pines and the villas; the ocean was getting larger, taking up more and more space in my angle of vision. Professionals in espionage were literally passed by agents in much faster lanes — by the proliferation ol information systems, by the important development in mass denunciation, in other words, by the amateurs. Approached arcjeology the most part with a detached, comparative approach resonant of with the Dusseldorf school or the New Topographics, for anyone who knows Virilio primarily as a theorist these pictures will come as something of a revelation.
The embrasure anticipates a relationship between the bunker and the ‘units of the firing range; the firing slit, like the squint of the eyelid, duces the visual field to a strict minimum, to the target, with the aim of 43 M U S V f K A If C archeologj I V bunjer the- inner OfgflP — in this case the man aiming at the target — but this protection amounts to a gain in accuracy.
This waiting before rhe infinite oceanic expanse? This system of bunkers, gun emplacements and obstacles known as the Atlantic Wall was intended to turn occupied Europe into a veritable fortress ringed by steel and concrete.
September 27 Tripartite pact between Germany, Italy, and Japan. Even the sky was divided up by ilouds, but the sea seemed empty in con- trast. This was also “psychological” warfare, which, competing with “electronic” warfare, transformed hundreds of thousands of civilians into potential indicators of suspects of all sorts: This is history; or, at least, historicization.
He became the reproducer, not only of past styles, but, above all, of the administrative and structural German bourgeoisie, which was the underpinning of the regime.
But the situation has since changed. Intelligence and social control became the heart in the spirit of defense; the radio informed on everything, immediately, and you were thus protected from unpleasant surprises, but, in return, you had to alert the authorities by telephone of any odd occurrences taking place in your immediate surroundings.
To rry ro prevent the intervention of the Royal Navy during the river cross- ing, Hitler- — who has no hope of success in opposing them with his tew large units in naval combat — decides to install at Cape Gris-Ncz long- range batteries on rails, which will bomb the English coasts and forbid Brirish battleships from combat in an effort to curtail the German landing.
The Ebdt Organization TO. Installation of the fust German radar in the Straight ot Dover.