At the center of the Jewish daily prayers are the 19 blessings that make up the silent prayer, known in Hebrew as the Amidah (lit. “standing”) or Shemoneh Esrei . The centerpiece of the three daily weekday prayers, wherein we beseech Transliteration of the Weekday Amidah Psalms and Jewish Prayer for Healing. The Amidah also called the Shemoneh Esreh (שמנה עשרה ), is the central prayer of the Jewish liturgy.

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Mainstream Ashkenazi Orthodox Judaism also adds the following prayer to the conclusion of every Amidah:. This would be represented by a straight line on a Mercator projectionwhich would be east-southeast from New York. Jonathan David Publishers, May it be your will, O my God and God of my fathers, that the Temple be rebuilt speedily in our days, and give us our orayer in your Torahand there we will worship you with reverence as in ancient days and former years.

Prayer for the Government. The many laws concerning the Amidah’s mode of prayer are designed to focus one’s concentration as one beseeches God. One bows again during the eighteenth blessing, for thanksgiving, both at the beginning, during prayeg words ” Modim anahnu lakh ” We thank you and at the end with the words ” Baruch atah. The only difference between the Amidah of the different services of the day is the final blessing, for peace.

Before Him we shall worship in reverence and fear. Some say one should face the direction which would be the shortest distance to Jerusalem, i. Shield of the fathers by His word, reviving the dead by His command, the holy God to whom none is like; who causeth His people to rest on His holy Sabbath-day, for in them He took delight to cause them to rest.

Jerusalem – Blessing Fourteen of the Amidah

This chanting of the kohanim is called duchaningcoming from the Hebrew word duchanmeaning platform. During these ten days, lines are inserted in the first two and last two blessings and slight changes are made in the conclusions of the third and eleventh blessings to stress the role of God as king and judge.

This shows respect for the Temples, which were central to Jewish life, and reminds one that the synagogue was established to try to fill the gap in Jewish life left by the Temples’ destruction. During the summer, the SephardimHasidimand Ashkenazim who live in Israel substitute a mention of dew ” morid hatal ” instead of rain.


By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Even if one happens to be present, and not praying, while the Kedushah is recited, one must stop what he is doing and join in. This symbolizes that the heart is the source hebrfw the temptation to sin.

In the fifth blessing refaenuthe traditional “who heals the sick of His people Israel” is changed to “Healer of the sick” to be more inclusive.

Jewish Prayers: The Amidah

The custom is to face the direction of Israel, and if one is in Israel, to turn to Jerusalem and the Temple Mount. The paragraph thanks God for the ability to separate between the holy and mundane, paraphrasing the concepts found in the Havdalah ceremony.

Sephardic tradition, which prohibits such additions, places them before the Mussaf Amidah. Before reciting the Amidah, it is customary to take three steps back qmidah then three steps forward.

Blessing of the Moon. It is occasionally performed in Orthodox prayers in some communities it is customary for mincha to be recited in this wayand more common in Conservative and Reform congregations.

At Shacharit, no changes are made in the silent Amidah, but the chazzan adds an additional blessing in his repetition right after the blessing of Geulahknown by its first word Aneinu “Answer us”. The main reason for this is that the Talmud says it is forbidden to ask for one’s personal needs on Shabbat.

The Mussaf Amidah begins with the same first three and concludes with the same last three blessings as the regular Amidah. On ShabbatRosh Chodeshand other Jewish holidays there is a Musaf “Additional” Amidah to replace the additional communal sacrifices of these days. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Amidah – Wikipedia

Once Atah Chonantanu is said, work prohibited on the holy day becomes permitted because the separation from the holy day has been established. Reconstructionist and Reform Judaismconsistent with their views that the rhythm of the ancient sacrifices should no longer drive modern Jewish prayer, often omit some of the Amidah prayers, such as the Mussaf, omit temporal requirements, and omit references to the Temple and its sacrifices.

It also alludes to the connection between Zion and the messianic hope. Thus, prayer is only meaningful if one focuses one’s emotion and intention, kavanahto the words of the prayers.


To humble oneself before God, one bends the knees and bows at both the beginning and the end of the first blessing while saying ” Barukh atah ” Blessed are you. One should not look hehrew the kohanim to allow better concentration on the words, and to prevent distraction both for oneself and for the kohanim. Bless us, our Father, in all the work of our hands, and bless our year with gracious, blessed, and kindly dews: There are significant differences between the traditional Amidah and that said in Reform congregations.

While saying that line, it is customary to bow three times: One should stand erect in time to say God’s name, ” Adonai. In practice, many individuals in the Western Hemisphere simply face due east, regardless of location. The amidaah passage referring to the Mussaf sacrifice of the day is recited.

The Mussaf Amidah on Rosh Hashanah is unique in that apart from the first and last 3 blessings, it contains 3 central blessings making a total of 9. The words must be audible to paryer, but one should be careful to pray softly enough not to disturb others. The priestly blessing is said in the reader’s repetition praayer the Shacharit Amidah, and at the Mussaf Amidah on Shabbat and Jewish Holidays.

This page was last edited on 29 Novemberat Gale Virtual Reference Library. At Minchah, the chazzan ptayer Aneinu in his repetition again, as at Shacharit.

Others say that on Shabbat, one lives as if the messianic age has arrived and therefore has no need to petition God; the petitions are thus eliminated and replaced with other prayers. Basic Books Inc, Preserve and save this year from all evil and from all kinds of destroyers and from all sorts of punishments: As for those that think evil of [against] me speedily thwart their counsel and destroy their plots.

Blessing of the Sun. The blessing for the righteous is abridged. The worshipper bows at four points in the Amidah: Shacharit Preparation Birkot hashachar Akeida Offerings.